Course Descriptions

Description and summary of the subjects

First year

No Instructor Scientific Title Subject Subject Summary
1  Mhamad qadir Rasul  Lecturer Meteorology   The course is about the science of weather which is a branch of natural geography, it is also about all the principles and elements of weather, indicating the relationship and differences between climate and weather.it presents the creation of day and night, seasons, years and the changes that happen in them. In general teaching and familiarizing the students with the principles of weather and the machines that are used to measure the elements of weather like rain, temperature, humidity and sunlight ...etc. the main objective of this course is to acquaint students with the main principles of weather, and introducing all the elements and factors that play a role in weather and cause the short-term and long-term changes to happen. And teaching the students to interpret the cause of changes and associating it to the ozone layer which is called atmosphere. The importance of the course is to educate the academic cadres so that they can work in meteorological stations due to the qualification they acquired in reading the machines, the course can be of great help to the graduates of geography to work with other sciences in the labor market.
2  Sakar Mhamad Hassan  Instructor  Geographical Research method  This subject is taught in the stages of bachelor degree even in higher education, has its importance, because it gets the students adopted to do scientific researches in a scientific and academic way, and writing scientific subjects and essays as well. Each science has its own research method, in this regard studying geographical research method is the basic of educating a successful researcher.
3  Prtiwan Shafiq Ahmad instructor   Academic debate   This subject is taught at the first year of college. I tried to get students adopted to academic debate through practicing several modern ways and methods.
4 Ali Hassan Ali   Instructor  Geographical statistics Statistics was known as the science of counting in the past, because it was used in the census of the male sex.in the ancient time, the kings and emperors wanted to have the number of males, so as to know their military force, because only the males were participating in the wars. It is now known as the science that pays attention to the numeric facts of different phenomenon which are later organized, presented and analyzed so as to achieve exact and scientific results, aiming to understand the phenomenon and making different suggestions to follow in the future direction of the phenomenon. Statistics is used in many fields of life and sciences like Medicine ,geology, administration ,economics, geography, biology, agriculture, sociology and Industry. 
5  Dr. Fatima Qadir Mustafa  Assistant professor Environmental Geography  Environment is a place where living and non-living things influence each other. It is a medium where humans live, perform their activity and achieve all their needs. All the natural and human elements of the environment have faced problems that need deep understanding and collective effort to solve. The students of geography department come first among those who should be familiar with the environmental problems through their scientific research and participating in understanding, solving ,preserving the environment and rising social awareness to encourage people to preserve the environment. 
6 Sangar Abdullah Rasul   Department of history  Kurdology Kurdology is introduced as part of orientalism process by the European. It became a human science that studies history, geography, language, culture, cultural norms, society and different aspects of the Kurds and Kurdistan. Any scientific writing by a non-Kurd writer is dealt with within the framework of Kurdology 
7 Language Center   Language Center  English Language  ------------
8 Dean   Dean  Computer Science ---------------------- 

 Second Year

No Instructor Scientific Title Subject Subject Summary
1  Dr. Halat Rasheed Abdullah  Assistant Professor Practical weather  Practical weather is a practical science that studies the influences of elements and weather phenomenon (sunlight, rising of the sun, the highest and lowest degree of temperature, wind, humidity, clouds, rain and orbit hurricane) on the natural environment (water, soil, natural plants, topography and deforestation) and on humans (health and human life), on human activities (agriculture, architecture, industry, military force, tourism …etc.). This science pays attention to the weather phenomenon ,It tries to control and decease the danger and harms of the phenomena like (drought, flood, strong wind, orbit hurricane, freezing and cold and heat waves.) 
2  Yadgar Mustafa Ibrahim Assistant Lecturer   Origins of Geomorphology Geomorphology Discusses the theories of earth origin, categories the rocks into three types (Igneous, Metamorphic and sedimentary), deals with the region of erosion that includes physical, chemical and biological weathering, studies soil erosion which is of three types; water, wind, Ice erosion. It also Focuses on earth movements that are evolution, rotation and equinoctial precession, and sheds light on the morphometric in terms of area, length and frame and the forms of basis .It also studies topography ,water network and river cycle according to the river age.the course focuses on the phenomena that result from erosion and deposit , and the disasters on earth and on the surface of earth as well. 
3 Taha Ahmad Karim   Assistant Lecturer  Geographical Nature of Continents  generally, studying the natural side of continents is the study of the natural environment of the continents. It studies the natural phenomenon and features of the surface of continents including (Asia, America, Europe, Australia and the tow Americas in terms land, water, topography), topographic and weather characteristics and the factors affecting weather. It also discusses soil, types and problems of soil, types and features of natural plants, types, categories and division of water resources in the continents.
4  Dr.Pshtiwan Shfiq Ahmad Instructor  Population geography   This subject focuses on the basics of this branch of geography , analyzes equations that can be of great advantage for the students to understand the changes that happen to the population in terms of development , division and elements.it discusses the effective factors that influence population geography.
5 Mhamad Watman Mhamad  Assistant lecturer  Cartography  Cartography is a scientific basis for understanding map an effort to the art of mapping. It is an interconnected science between natural and human geography each of which has a direct relation with it. It is a necessary subject for students for the purpose of conveying and presenting data for the readers.
6- Shaswar Mhamad Mahmud Instructor Transportation & commercial Geography It is branch of human geography, because on the one hand, the roads are affected by human and natural factors before or after building. On the other hand, nowadays the development of economy, agriculture, business, industry and tourism is associated to the roads to a great extent. 
6 Shaswar Mhamad Mahmud   Instructor  Transportation & commercial Geography It is branch of human geography, because on the one hand, the roads are affected by human and natural factors before or after building. On the other hand, nowadays the development of economy, agriculture, business, industry and tourism is associated to the roads to a great extent. 
7 Dler Khalid Hassan  Assistant Lecturer  Rural Geography  It is one of the new branches of geography which studies place, social, economic changes and energy usages as well. The place where a small number of people dwell is known as village. 
8 Mhamad Qadr + a teacher of Language Center Lecturer + a teacher of Language Center  English Language & geographical texts in English Language  This course is about the texts of English, the aim of this course is to study the different parts of geography in English language to become more interested in English language in the science of Geography. 

 Third Year

No Instructor Scientific Title Subject Subject Summary
1 Taha Ahmad Karim  Assistant Lecturer   Climate Change Generally, climate change is greenhouse effect which is a phenomenon based on the increasing global warming on the earth’s surface (Oceans, lands) on one factor of weather which is temperature, but climate change is a phenomenon that includes all the factors of weather like temperature, humidity, rain, drought and day and night time, therefore climate change is more comprehensive than global warming, consequently the scientist prefer to use the term of climate change than global warming. Studying climate change is of great importance for the students of geography department, because they learn and achieve information about climate change and the factors that cause climate change and global warming, meanwhile they become familiar with all the gases that cause climate change , the impacts of climate change on human life, animals, plans, increasing and decreasing sea level, and the results of climate change on human life , animals and plants. 
2 Bestun Ahmad Hussein   lecturer Urban Geography   It is considered as one of the most important subjects of geography due to its vast relation to other sciences. Nowadays the cities go through a very sensitive stage which is development, expansion and rapid changing of the morphology of cities with the advent of multifarious subject’s day by day. The city morphology has become the subject of research and studying by the geographers, at the same time it has attracted the attention specialists of other fields. This subject became more prominent due to working with modern technology in its researches and analysis.
3  Dler Khalid Hassan lecturer   Human geography of continents It is an important subject of human geography which deals with introducing, comparing and analyzing the human side of the continents in terms of humane features of population (development, sex and division) and all other human activities like economy, culture and society. 
4  Hemn Hassan Ismael  Assistant Lecturer Geography of Iraq & Kurdistan Region   It is a regional subject which pays attention to the physical side (astronomic position, weather, water resource, soil, natural plants, and mineral division), and to the human side (population, culture, business, and industry…etc.) of Iraq and Kurdistan region. Given that we live in Iraq and Kurdistan region, so studying and concentrating on the human and physical sides of Iraq and Kurdistan within the framework of this subject can be of great importance for understanding the effects of physical factors on agriculture, industry, division and density of population. Meanwhile the extent of development and advancement with the most important problems and obstacles of agricultural, industrial, and tourism sectors would be shown. Knowing these help to understand the natural ability, political and economic power of Iraq and Kurdistan that would facilitate in the fields of planning and development of each sector.
5 Hoshyar Ibrahim  Assistant lecturer Water Resource    The subject of water resource is of great significance, since it directly and indirectly connected human life. Water as one of basic elements of life is the necessity of continuous life. On the one hand, it is directly used for drinking and other house works .on the other hand it is indirectly used for agriculture, industry, tourism and business…etc.
6  Hoshyar Ibrahim Mina Assistant Lecturer   Water Resource The subject of water resource is of great significance, since it directly and indirectly connected human life. Water as one of basic elements of life is the necessity of continuous life. On the one hand, it is directly used for drinking and other house works .on the other hand it is indirectly used for agriculture, industry, tourism and business…etc. 
7 Rzgar Mustafa Muhamadamin  Assistant lecturer   Tourism Geography It is one of the important subjects as one of the elements of economic geography within human geography. After familiarizing with the history and origins of tourism, all the tourism-related terms and different types of tourism are introduced to the students. Natural and human geographical basics of the origin of tourism along with the negative and positive impacts are analyzed and assessed in detailed and multidirectional ways. The development of tourism as one of the modern world economic activity is spoken about and analyzed. The world tourism regions are introduced to the students, in all the topics regional and local examples are given to the students and are associated with Kurdistan region. 
8  Bakhtyar Othman Khdir  Assistant Lecturer Practical Geomorphology   The subject studies the landforms on the surface of earth and identifies the environment of the landforms so as to plan for an effective management of the earth resources so that humans can use them scientifically. Analyzing the effects of various landforms and geomorphological activities on human activity. the most important fields in which geomorphology is practiced are urban and rural architectural planning, Identifying planning for architectural projects (dams, roads, airports). Exploring natural resources and economic asset. Assessing the landforms for military affairs, doing research about soil and managing agricultural soil.
Mhamad Watman Mhamad Assistant Lecturer GIS GIS as a program is the main mean of drawing scientific and geographic map, is a scientific base for understanding of the available geographical data and phenomenon that are presented as maps, table, and forms, also the main mean of analyzing and solving data and information. It has a great ability to process the works and is an interconnected program between human and natural branches of geography both of which have a direct relation to this program. Not only the geographer, but most of the other sciences like (architecture, environment, geology, water and other natural resources ) use the program basically to presentation

 Forth Year

No Instructor Scientific Title Subject Subject Summary
1 Talat Mhamad Tahir Omar   Political geography Assistant Professor  The purpose of teaching political geography is to familiarize students with the introduction and methods of political geography, identify the power of country and its elements which are affected by natural, human and economic factors. Conducts research about geography of political borders of the country, specifies the order and kinds of border and international borders between the countries. familiarizing with the strategic theories of politics and the problems that are facing the world be it economic or political at an international level. 
2 Rzgar Mustafa Mhamadamin  Assistant lecturer   Industry& Energy Geography This subject consists of (industrial geography and energy geography). In industrial geography, the students are familiarized with the history of the subject, the terms of (occupation, industry, industrial geography, stability of industry…etc.), the geographical basics of industrial stability, presenting the role of geography in producing, marketing the industrial productions in the consumer market .it focuses on the world industrial regions, the role of geography in the political conflict, and its effect on personal income and standard of living. In the energy geography the students are familiarized with the stages of human familiarization to this resource, all the types of energy are introduced to the students. the role of energy in the world conflicts and the efforts of the countries to monopolize most of the world energy are talked about. One of the important and sensitive topics would be geographical division and the role of energy resources to promote industry whether as the row material of industry or as the main source of industry that play a significant role in overall industrial and economic equations. The students are given concert examples to each topic within Kurdistan region. 
3 Pshtiwan Ali Muhamad   Lecturer Natural Disasters  Natural disaster is one of the modern phenomenon to which a lot of attention is paid in the scientific field. The interest of the scientist in this field is due to the harms that are facing humans causing moral and material damage resulting from the climate change. Humans cause some natural disasters like Earthquake, flood, Volcano, Hurricane, Tornado, 
4 Hemn Hassan Ismael  Assistant Lecturer   Agricultural geography It is a branch of the economic geography in a way that agricultural activity is the first activity conducted by humans and was the main motive of civilization stability. We can introduce Agricultural geography as planting in the fields and observing the agricultural production. In the view of geographers, it is a branch of geography deals with the geographical stages that affect the division of agricultural activities on the earth, analyzes the changes that happen in the planting. It pays attention to the geographical information related to environmental conditions, and associates it to human side and methods of production. 
5  Ali Hassan Ali Lecturer  Remote sensing   The science of remote sensing (a group of methods in which various techniques like advanced cameras with lens or sensors are used which measure scattering electromagnetic ray), due to this advanced device we can collect detailed and useful data about different phenomenon and areas on the earth surface without any direct contact to the place far or near be it, Through the recorded imaged alone we can obtain all these data and information without any ground visit to the place. The cameras and sensors are connected to a balloon, airplane or a satellite in the space, therefore the development of this science is associated to the development of the cameras and sensors and to which they are connected that are airplanes and satellites. we can take advantage of this science in agriculture, industry and exploring the natural resources…etc. this activity can only be performed through satellite images, therefore its development is connected to progression of satellite images.
6  Salam Mahmud Nasir  Assistant lecturer Natural resources Geography  Kurdistan region is reach in different types of underground and overground natural resources, has a great human power, but what is worthy of attention is that we have not been able to depend on ourselves and obtain regional and international position. The natural resources have faced several predicaments, while it is obvious that the natural resources are the pillars of economic development in all the fields. In this regard geography department finds it necessary to teach a subject under the title of (Natural Resources).the purpose of studying natural resources in the fourth year is to familiarize the students with basics of natural resource, investigating the quality and quantity of resources, pointing out the current problems, and planning to their development and continuity so as to be invested in a suitable way and used to serve the country and citizens. 
7 Bestun Ahmad Hussein  Lecturer   Regional Planning The geography of planning is one of the important branches that is of special importance, because it is the milestone of development and progression and is multidirectional and connected to the other fields and sciences, and maintains active relation with geography in a way that we can say it is internationally considered very important, because planning affects the state strategy in a way that planning leads the state to step towards development and progression. 
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